Air Rules

FAA Aviation News

Don Cooney and his EAA award winning Prowler make the cover of the
July/August 2002 issue of the FAA Aviation News magazine. Good Going Don!


The following regulations and rules have direct bearing on the operation of the trikes
and the pilots who operate them in the USA. The Federal Aviation Administration is charged to administer them.

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

Flight Standards Service

FAA Regulatory and Guidance Library

FAA Order 8900.1 Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS)

TITLE 14 - Aeronautics and Space; Chapter I - FAA

Light Sport Aviation Branch

Light Sport Aircraft

Light Sport Aircraft Registration

Light Sport Pilot

Change 1 - Airworthiness Certifications for Sport Aircraft Rule

NPRM Light Sport Rule - April 15, 2008 - (22 proposed changes)

Ultralights and Amateur-built Aircraft

Ultralight Vehicle - Part 103

Ultralight Vehicle Advisory Circulars: AC 103-6 and 103-7

Recommended Standards Traffic Patterns for Aeronautical Operations at Airports without Operating Control Towers - AC 90-66A

Certification and Operation of Amateur-Built Aircraft AC 20-27E

Amateur-Built Aircraft and Ultralight Flight Testing Handbook AC 90-89A

Listing of Amateur Built Kits

Type Certificate for Very Light Aircraft

Repairman Certificate for Amateur-Built Aircraft

Approved Repairman Course Providers for Light-Sport Aircraft

Waiver for Aviation Events

Aeronautical Information Manual (online)

Aeronautical Information Manual (PDF)

ASTM International Committee's LSP Consensus Standards

FAA's New Rules

April 15, 2008 Notice of Propose Rule Making (NPRM) of 22 changes for Light Sport Aviation


FAR 91.146 - Passenger-carrying flights for the benefit of a charitable, nonprofit, or community event

Nature's Rules



Takeoffs are optional. Landings are mandatory.

Flying is not dangerous. Crashing is dangerous.

Altitude is Your Friend. Atitude is Your Friend.

Registration or Certification: (ranked from minimum to maximum)

1 - Outlaw - Ignore all federal regulations, state, and association guidelines
2 - Ultralight - FAR 103, AC 103-6, AC 103-7, and AC 90-66A
3 - Sport - FAR 61, Subpart J
4 - Recreational - FAR 61 Subpart D
5 - Private - FAR 61 Subpart E
6 - Instructor (Sport) - FAR Part 61, Subpart K
7 - Instructor (Other) - FAR part 61 Subpart H

1 - Outlaw - pilot/owner/maker ignore all registrations, concensus standands, and certifications
2 - Ultralight Vehicle - FAR 103 (AC 103-7; 2-seat trainer exemptions issued to EAA, USUA, ASC, USHGA, LAMA expired Jan 31 January 2008)
3 - Glider Trike - FAA Special Programs: Motorized Glider under Experimental Amateur Build or Exhibition
4 - Special
     a - Light Sport (SLSA) Weight Shift Control, (FAR Parts 1, 21, 43, 45, 61, 65, and 91)
     b - Experimental (FAR 61.319)
         a - Amateur Build
         b - Exhibition
         c - Light Sport (ELSA) (transitioned ultralight)

1 - Outlaw - ignors regulations and training. Performs all maintenance and repairs to aircraft
2 - Ultralight Vehicle - Peforms all maintenance and repairs to UL vehicle
3 - Light Sport - Attends approved repairmen course to perform "inspections" and/or "maintenance" to experimental light sport and/or special light sport aircraft
4 - FAA Maintenance Technition (A and P) - Performs maintenance and repairs to all aircraft
5 - Repair Station - Personnel at a FAA approved service provider

USA Organizational and Regulatory History

January 26, 1953 - Twenty-six aviation enthusiasts meet at Milwaukee’s Curtiss-Wright Field to form the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA).
April 1982 - Aircraft Owners and Pilot Association (AOPA) creates ultralight program and magazine, "Ultralight Pilot". Drops it. Program picked up by EAA.
Date ? - John Ballentyne steps out of the shadows of AOPA and EAA to establish the United States Ultralight Association (USUA).
September 2, 1982 - FAA creates Part 103 - Ultralight Vehicles regulation.(Part 103).
1986 ? - Two-seat Ultralight training exemption created.
December 21, 1993 - FAA creates "Type Certification of Very Light Airplanes" (VLA) under FAR 21.17(b) to meet the "Joint Aviation Requirements for Very Light Aeroplanes' issued April 26, 1990 by the Joint Aviation Authorities of Europe known as the JAR-VLA rule.
August 30, 1993 - FAA establishes the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee (ARAC), Part 103 (Ultralight Vehicles) Working Group.
August 14, 1994 - Aerosports Connection (ASC) founded by Jim Stephenson. Emerged from USUA. Initial focuses on powered parachutes.
June 27, 1995 - FAA charges the Working Group of the Aviation Rulemaking Advisory Committee with new task.
December 1999 - UL Working Group Recommends the creation Sport Pilot and Light Sport Aircraft Rules.
February 5, 2002 - FAA published Notice of Proposed Rule Making (NPRM) for the "Certification of Aircraft and Airmen for the Operation of Light-Sport Aircraft".
May 6, 2002 - The Federal Register printed the FAA's NPRM for the Sport Pilot and Sport Light Aircraft Regulations.
December 24, 2003 – Department of Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta signs new rules.
July 20, 2004 - FAA Administrator Blakley signs the new rules.
July 27, 2004 - "Certification of Aircraft and Airmen for the Operation of Light-Sport Aircraft" enacted.
September 1, 2004 - Light Sport Pilot and Aircraft rule promulgated.
January 31, 2007 - Registered UL Pilot Prior to Sept 2004 to Sport Pilot Transition Ends.
January 31, 2008 - Ultralight 2-seat Trainer Transition to Sport Aircraft Ends.
January 31, 2010 - ELSA Former UL Trainer Used-for-Hire status Ends.
April 15, 2008 - FAA creates NPRM with 22 changes to Sport rule.

Comments about Sport Rule:


Initial Light Sport Aviation NPRM

Light Sport Aircraft and Sport Pilot NPRM

Second Light Sport Aviation NPRM - Comment period ends August 2008