Sherr headshot
Laurence Sherr
Student Resources: Music and the Holocaust
(MUSI 3316 / PAX 3780)

These lists provide selected English-language resources for the music of oppressed groups during the Holocaust, and for Holocaust memorial works. Comprehensive multi-lingual resource lists are available at multiple locations. These include the ORT and USHMM websites (links are below) for print, audio, and video sources, and the bibliographies of books such as Forbidden Music: The Jewish Composers Banned by the Nazis, Music in the Holocaust: Confronting Life in the Nazi Ghettos and Camps, and Alma Rosé: Vienna to Auschwitz.

Adler, H. G., edited by Amy Loewenhaar-Blauweiss. Theresienstadt, 1941-1945: The Face of a Coerced Community. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Applegate, Celia, and Pamela Potter, ed. Music and German National Identity. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, 2002.

Aster, Misha. The Reich's Orchestra: The Berlin Philharmonic 1933-1945. London: Souvenir, 2010.

Balfour, Michael. Theatre and War, 1933-1945: Performance in Extremis. New York: Berghahn, 2001.

Barron, Stephanie, and Peter W. Guenther. Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-garde in Nazi Germany. Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1991.

Barron, Stephanie. Exiles and Émigrés: The Flight of European Artists from Hitler. Pittsburg, PA: Harry N. Abrams, 1997.

Beker, Sonia Pauline. Symphony on Fire: A Story of Music and Spiritual Resistance During the Holocaust. New Milford, NJ: Wordsmithy, 2007.

Beniston, Judith, Geoffrey Chew, and Robert Vilain, ed. Austrian Studies: Words and Music. London: Modern Humanities Research Association, 2009.

Bergfelder, Tim and Christian Cargnelli. Destination London: German-Speaking Emigrés and British Cinema, 1925-1950. New York: Berghahn Books, 2008.

Berkley, George E. Hitler's Gift: The Story of Theresienstadt. Boston: Branden Books, 1993.

Bor, Josef. The Terezín Requiem. New York: Knopf, 1963.

Braun, Shony Alex, and Emily Cavins. My Heart Is a Violin. Bloomington: 1st Books, 2003.

Brent, Frances Padorr. The Lost Cellos of Lev Aronson. New York: Atlas & Co. Publishers, 2009.

Brinkman, Reinhold, and Christoph Wolff, editors. Driven into Paradise: The Musical Migration from Nazi Germany to the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Calico, Joy. Arnold Schoenberg's A Survivor from Warsaw in Postwar Europe. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014.

Currid, Brian. A National Acoustics: Music and Mass Publicity in Weimar and Nazi Germany. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.

Crawford, Dorothy L. A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Émigrés and Exiles in Southern California. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Cummins, Paul. Dachau Song: The Twentieth-Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper. New York: Peter Lang, 1992.

Dawson, Greg. Hiding in the Spotlight. New York: Pegasus Books LLC, 2009.

Downes, Stephen. Music and Decadence in European Modernism: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Dunicz Niwińska, Helena. One of the Girls in the Band: The Memoirs of a Violinist from Birkenau. Trans. William Brand. Oswiecim: Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, 2014.

Dutlinger, Anne D. Art, Music, and Education as Strategies for Survival: Theresienstadt, 1941-45. New York: Herodias, 2001.

Etlin, Richard A. Art, Culture, and Media under the Third Reich. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2002.

Facing History and Ourselves Foundation and Terezin Chamber Music Foundation. A Guide to Finding a Voice: Musicians in Terezin. Brookline, MA, 2000.

Farneth, David. Kurt Weill: A Life in Pictures and Documents. Woodstock: Overlook, 2000.

Fénelon, Fania, and Marcelle Routier. The Musicians of Auschwitz. London: Joseph, 1977.

Fénelon, Fania, and Marcelle Routier. Playing for Time. Trans. Judith Landry. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Friedrich, Otto. City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in the 1940s. Berkeley. CA: University of California Press, 1997.

Frühauf, Tina and Lily E. Hirsch. Dislocated Memories: Jews, Music, and Postwar German Culture. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Gaitanos, Sarah. The Violinist: Clare Galambos Winter. Wellington, Victoria University Press, 2011.

Gál, Hans. Music Behind Barbed Wire: A Diary of Summer 1940. Toccata Press: London, 2014.

Gilbert, Shirli. Music in the Holocaust: Confronting Life in the Nazi Ghettos and Camps. Oxford University Press: New York, 2005.

Gilliam, Bryan. Music and Performance during the Weimar Republic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Goldsmith, Martin. The Inextinguishable Symphony: A True Story of Music and Love in Nazi Germany. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York, 2000.

Grymes, James A. Violins of Hope: Violins of the Holocaust, Instruments of Hope and Liberation in Mankind’s Darkest Hour. New York: Harper Perennial, 2014.

Haas, Michael. Forbidden Music: The Jewish Composers Banned by the Nazis. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Heilbut, Anthony. Exiled in Paradise: German Refugee Artists and Intellectuals in America from 1930 to the Present. Boston: Beacon Press, 1983.

Hirsch, Lily E. A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany: Musical Politics and the Berlin Jewish Culture League. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 2010.

Hirsch, Lily E. Anneliese Landau's Life in Music: Nazi Germany to Émigré California. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2019.

Illiano, Roberto, and Massimiliano Sala, ed. Music and Dictatorship in Europe and Latin America. Tournhout: Brepols, 2009.

Jani, Emilio. My Voice Saved Me: Auschwitz 180046. Milano: Centauro Editrice, 1961.

Karas, Joza. Music in Terezin (1941-1945). Pendragon Press: Hillsdale, New York, 1985.

Kater, Michael H. Composers of the Nazi Era: Eight Portraits. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Kater, Michael H. Different Drummers: Jazz in the Culture of Nazi Germany. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Kater, Michael H., and Albrecht Reithmüller, editors. Music and Nazism: Art under Tyranny, 1933-1945. Laaber: Laaber-Verlag, 2003.

Kater, Michael H. The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Laks, Szymon. Music of Another World. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1989.

Langbein, Hermann. Against All Hope: Resistance in the Nazi Concentration Camps, 1938-1945. New York: Paragon House, 1994.

Lasker-Wallfisch, Anita. Inherit the truth: a memoir of survival and the Holocaust. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Lasker-Wallfisch, Anita. Inherit the Truth, 1939-1945: The Documented Experiences of a Survivor of Auschwitz and Belsen. London: Giles de la Mare, 1996.

Lawford-Hinrichsen, Irene. Music Publishing and Patronage: C. F. Peters, 1800 to the Holocaust. Kenton: Edition Press, 2000.

Levi, Erik. Mozart and the Nazis: How the Third Reich Abused a Cultural Icon. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010.

Levi, Erik. Music in the Third Reich. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.

Lowinsky, Edward, editor. Translated by Max Knight. A Confidential Matter: The Letters of Richard Strauss and Stefan Zweig, 1931-1935. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977.

Meyer, Michael. The Politics of Music in the Third Reich. New York: Peter Lang, 1991.

Müller, Melissa, and Reinhard Piechocki. Alice's Piano: The Life of Alice Herz-Sommer. New York, NY: St. Martin's, 2012.

Newman, Richard, and Karen Kirtley. Alma Rosé: Vienna to Auschwitz. Portland, OR: Amadeus Press, 2000.

Oswald, Marianne. One Small Voice. New York, London: Whittlesey House, 1945.

Painter, Karen. Symphonic Aspirations: German Music and Politics, 1900-1945. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

Palmer, Christopher. The Composers of Hollywood. London: Marion Boyars, 1990.

Peacock-Jezic, Diane. The Musical Migration and Ernst Toch. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1989.

Perris, Arnold. Music as Propaganda: Art to Persuade, Art to Control. New York: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Petropoulos, Jonathan. Artists Under Hitler: Collaboration and Survival in Nazi Germany. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Potter, Pamela M. Most German of the Arts: Musicology and Society from the Weimar Republic to the end of Hitler's Reich. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

Prieberg, Fred K. Trial of Strength: Wilhelm Furtwängler in the Third Reich. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994.

Ramati, Alexander. And the Violins Stopped Playing: A Story of the Gypsy Holocaust. New York: Franklin Watts, 1986.

Riding, Alan. And the Show Went On: Cultural Life in Nazi-Occupied Paris. New York: Knopf, 2010.

Ringer, Alexander L. Arnold Schoenberg: The Composer as Jew. Oxford: Clarendon, 1990.

Rischin, Rebecca. For the End of Time: The Story of the Messiaen Quartet. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2003.

Rose, Calmo. The Violinist. Los Angeles: Gardners, 2007.

Rosen, Philip, and Nina Apfelbaum. Bearing Witness: A Resource Guide to Literature, Poetry, Art, Music, and Videos by Holocaust Victims and Survivors. Westport: Greenwood, 2002.

Rovit, Rebecca, and Alvin Goldfarb. Theatrical Performance during the Holocaust: Texts, Documents, Memoirs. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1999.

Rubin, Emanuel, and John H. Baron. Music in Jewish History and Culture. Sterling Heights, MI: Harmonie Park, 2006.

Rudavsky, Joseph. To Live with Hope, to Die with Dignity: Spiritual Resistance in the Ghettos and Camps. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, 1997.

Ryding, Erik S., and Rebecca Pechefsky. Bruno Walter: A World Elsewhere. New Haven: Yale UP, 2001.

Sachs, Harvey. Music in Fascist Italy. New York: Norton, 1987.

Schnabel, Artur. My Life and Music. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1963.

Schneider, Gertrude. Mordechai Gebirtig: His Poetic and Musical Legacy. Westport: Praeger, 2000.

Sheffi, Na’ama. The Ring of Myths: the Israelis, Wagner, and the Nazis. Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2013.

Shuldman, Ken. Jazz Survivor: The Story of Louis Bannet, Horn Player of Auschwitz. London: Vallentine Mitchell, 2005.

Snowman, Daniel. The Hitler Émigrés: The Cultural Impact on Britain of Refugees from Nazism. London: Chatto & Windus, 2002.

Steinberg, Michael P. Judaism Musical and Unmusical. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Steinberg, Michael P. Listening to Reason: Culture, Subjectivity and Nineteenth-Century Music. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Steinweis, Alan E. Art, Ideology & Economics in Nazi Germany: The Reich Chambers of Music, Theater, and the Visual Arts. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Stoessinger, Caroline. A Century of Wisdom: Lessons from the Life of Alice Herz-Sommer, the World's Oldest Living Holocaust Survivor. New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2012.

Stroumsa, Jacques, Erhard R. Wiehn, and James Stewart. Brice. Violinist in Auschwitz: From Salonica to Jerusalem, 1913-1967. Konstanz, Germany: Hartung-Gorre, 1996.

Szpilman, Władysław. The Pianist: The Extraordinary Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw, 1939-45. New York: Picador USA, 1999.

Taylor, Brandon and Wilfried van der Will. The Nazification of Art: Art, Design, Music, Architecture and Film in the Third Reich. Winchester: Winchester Press, 1990.

Thacker, Toby. Music after Hitler, 1945-1955. Farnham: Ashgate, 2007.

Troller, Norbert, and Joel Shatzky. Theresienstadt: Hitler's Gift to the Jews. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina, 2004.

Vries, Willem de. Sonderstab Musik: Music Confiscations by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg under the Nazi Occupation of Western Europe. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1996.

Walter, Bruno. Theme and Variations. Trans. James A. Galston. Original German manuscript first published in 1947 as Thema und Variationen: Erinnerungen und Gedanken. New York: Knopf, 1946.

Weber, Horst, and Manuela Schwartz, ed. Sources Relating to the History of Émigré Musicians, 1933-1950. Vol. 1: California. Munich: Saur, 2003.

Wierzbicki, James E. Double Lives: Film Composers in the Concert Hall. London; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019.

Willitt, John. The New Sobriety - Art and Politics in the Weimar Period, 1917-1933. London: Thames and Hudson, 1982.

Willoughby, Susan. Art, Music, and Writings from the Holocaust. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2003.

Zwerin, Michael. Swing Under the Nazis: Jazz as a Metaphor for Freedom. National Book Network, 2000.


Bergen, Doris L. “Music and the Holocaust.” In The Holocaust: Introductory Essays, edited by David Scrase and Wolfgang Mieder, 133-147. Burlington, VT: The Center for Holocaust Studies at the University of Vermont, 1996.

Flam, Gila. “The Role of Singing in the Ghettos: Between Entertainment and Witnessing.” In Holocaust Chronicles: Individualizing the Holocaust through Diaries and Other Contemporaneous Personal Accounts, edited by Robert Moses Shapiro, 141-153. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav, 1999.

Gilbert, Shirli. "Songs of the Holocaust." In Literature of the Holocaust, edited by Alan Rosen, 211-224. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Henrich, Heribert, et al. “After 1933: Blacher, Music Politics, and the Postwar Management of Historical Evidence.” In Boris Blacher, 125-211. Hofheim: Wolke, 2003.

Heskes, Irene. “Music of the Holocaust.” In Holocaust Literature: A Handbook of Critical, Historical, and Literary Writings, edited by Saul S. Friedman, 591-603. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press,1993.

Hirsch, David H. “Camp Music and Camp Songs: Szymon Laks and Aleksander Kulisiewicz.” In Confronting the Holocaust: A Mandate for the 21st Century, edited by G. Jan Colijn and Marcia Sachs Littell, 157-168. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1997.

Hirsch, Lily E. “Under Pressure: Jewish Art Music, 1925-1945.” In The Cambridge Companion to Jewish Music, edited by Joshua S. Walden, 201-214. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Jelavich, Peter. “Cabaret in Concentration Camps.” In Theatre and War 1933-1945: Performance in Extremis, edited by Michael Balfour, 137-163. New York: Berghahn Books, 2001.

Nathan-Davis, Sarah. “Music of the Holocaust.” In Remembering for the Future: The Holocaust in an Age of Genocide, Volume 3, edited by Margot Levy, 804-813. New York: Palgrave, 2001.

Soltes, Ori Z. "Perverse Politics and the Drama of Deceit: Music During the Holocaust." In The Ashen Rainbow: Essays on the Arts and the Holocaust. Washington: Eshel Books, 2007.

Strimple, Nick. “Music as Resistance.” In Jewish Resistance Against the Nazis, edited by Patrick Henry, 319-338. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University Press of America, 2014.

Wlodarski, Amy Lynn. ''Musical Memories of Terezín in Transnational Perspective'', in Tina Frühauf / Lily E. Hirsch (eds.), 57-72. Dislocated Memories. Jews, Music, and Postwar German Culture. Oxford et al. 2014.


Flam, Gila. Singing for Survival: Songs of the Lodz Ghetto, 1940-45. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1992.

Kalisch, Shoshana, and Barbara Meister, editors. Yes, We Sang!: Songs of the Ghettos and Concentration Camps. New York: Harper & Row, 1985.

Mlotek, Eleanor, and Malke Gottlieb, editors. We Are Here: Songs of the Holocaust. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1983.

Silverman, Jerry. The Undying Flame: Ballads And Songs Of The Holocaust (Judaic Traditions in Literature, Music, & Art). Syracuse University Press. 2002.

Pasternak, Velvel, arranger and editor. Songs Never Silenced. Baltimore: Tara Publications, 2003.

Vinkovetsky, Aharon. Anthology of Yiddish Folksongs: Volume 4 (Ghetto and Partisan Songs). Jerusalem: Magnes of the Hebrew University, 1995.


A comprehensive, multi-lingual listing of films related to music can be found by searching the Yad Vashem Online Film Database:

Alice Sommer Herz: Everything is a Present. Dir. Christopher Nupen. Allegro Films, 2009.

Auschwitz Chronicle. Dir. Michal Bukojemski. Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, 2004. Cinema Exiles: From Hitler to Hollywood. Dir. Karen Thomas. Warner Archive Collection, 2016.

Creating Harmony: The Displaced Person's Orchestra at St. Ottilien. Dir. John Michalczyk. New York Museum of Jewish Heritage, 2007.

Django Reinhardt: Three-Fingered Lightning. Dir. Christian Cascio. Idéale Audience International, 2010.

The Eternal Road. Dir. Ron Frank. Kultur Films Inc., 2011.

The Harmonists (original title: Comedian Harmonists). Dir. Joseph Vilsmaier. Bavaria Film International, 1997.

Holocaust: A Music Memorial Film from Auschwitz. Dir. James Kent. BBC & Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, 2005.

Joe’s Violin: A Shoah Survivor. Dir. Kahane Cooperman. 2016.

The Lady in Number 6. Dir. Malcolm Clarke. Nick Reed Ent., 2013.

The Last Klezmer: Leopold Kozlowski His Life and Music. Dir. Yale Storm. Notowiz Productions, 1994.

Musica Concentrationaria. Dir. Ermanno Felli. Associazione Musikstrasse, 2007.

Never Give Up: The 20th Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper. Dir. Terry Sanders. American Film Foundation, 1995.

The Pianist. Dir. Roman Polanski. Universal Studios, 2002.

Playing for Time. Dir. Daniel Mann. Szygzy Productions, 1980.

Propaganda Swing: Dr. Goebbels' Jazz Orchestra. Dir. David Eisermann and Florian Steinbiss. International Historic Films, Inc., 1989.

Refuge in Music: Terezín/Theresienstadt. Dir. Dorothee Binding and Benedict Mirow. Deutsche Grammophon, 2013.

"The Reichsorchester": The Berlin Philharmonic and the Third Reich. Dir. Enrique Sánchez Lansch. ARTHAUS, 2007.

Song of the Lodz Ghetto. Dir. David Kaufman. Sun-Street Productions, 2010.

The Songs They Sang. Dir. Rohan Spong. Producers Anna Monea and Amadeo Marquez-Perez, 2011.

The Sound of Music. Dir. Robert Wise. 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1965.

Swing Under the Swastika. Dir. John Jeremy. 1 GB: YTV Ltd., 1988.

They Played for Their Lives. Dir. Nurit Jugend. They Played for Their Lives, Inc., 2016.

Toni and Rosi. Dir. Todd Murray and Will Wyatt. BBC Four, 2012.

Wagner's Mastersinger Hitler's Siegfried. Dir. Eric Schulz and Claus Wischmann. Naxos, 2009.

We Want the Light. Dir. Christopher Nupen. Kultur Video, 2004.

The Wonder and Grace of Alice Sommer Herz: Everything Is a Present. Dir. Christopher Nupen. Allegro Films, 2010.


Bach in Auschwitz. Dir. Michael Daeron. Winstar, 1999.

Degenerate Music. Dir. Beata Romanowski, Decca, 1996.

Farewell Yerushalayim de Lita! Dir. Saulius Berzinis and Alicija Zukauskate. Belorussian Video Center, 1994.

Kornblumenblau. Dir. Leszek Wosiewicz. Studio Filmowe, 1988.

Never Give Up: The Twentieth Century Odyssey of Herbert Zipper. Dir. Herbert Zipper. 1996.

Zamir - Jewish Voices Return To Poland. Dir. Eric Stange and Rob Cooper. 1999.


The list below is a small sampling of available CDs. Scores by classical composers are distributed by a number of publishers, and are too numerous to list here. Search for scores and recordings by musicians active during the enactment of the Nuremberg laws; "degenerate" composers; composers, conductors, and performers active in the ghettos and camps; émigré musicians; and composers writing Holocaust memorial works. Many CDs are listed and pictured at:

Alpert, Michael. The Songs of WWII Jewish Resistance. Partisans of Vilna. Flying Fish, 1989.  (Note: A DVD box set includes the CD.)

Berman, Karel, and Pavel Haas. Composers from Theresienstadt, 1941-1945 Pavel Haas, Karel Berman. Channel Classics, 1991.

Bikel, Theodore, Frieda Enoch, and Cormier Robert. De. Rise up and Fight! Songs of Jewish Partisans. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1996.

Brodnitz, Julius, Ludwig Holländer, and Pinkus Lavender. Vorbei... beyond Recall : A Record of Jewish Musical Life in Nazi Berlin, 1933-1938. Bear Family Records, 2001.

The Colorado Chamber Players. Uplifting Discoveries from a Generation Lost: Music of Composers Who Died in the Holocaust. Centaur Records, 2000.

Composers of the Holocaust. Leonarda, 2000

Cooper, Adrienne, and Zalmen Mlotek. Ghetto Tango: Wartime Yiddish Theater. Traditional Crossroads, 2000.

Eischeid, Susan. Mystic Chords of Genocide: Music of the Holocaust. ACA Digital Recording, 2001.

Eskin, Klein, Ullmann. Chamber Music from Theresienstadt 1941-1945. Channel Classics, 1991.

Forbidden Voices: Songs by Jewish Composers Banned by the Nazis. Divine Art, 2006.

Frenk, Ruth. Last Butterfly: Songs From Theresienstadt. Erasmus Records, 1995.

Gebirtig, Mordecai. Krakow Ghetto Notebook. Koch, 1994

Gerut, Rosalie. We Are Here: Songs of Remembrance, Hope, and Celebration. Blue Hills Records, 1989.

Haas, Pavel. Pavel Haas: String Quartets 1-3 (Czech Degenerate Music, Vol. 2). Praga, 1999.

Hashachar, M. Songs of the Holocaust. JASRAC, 1998.

Hawthorne String Quartet. Chamber Music From Theresienstadt: 1941-1945. Channel Classics, 1991.

Hidden History: Songs of the Kovno Ghetto. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1997.

Hope, Daniel. Escape to Paradise: The Hollywood Album. Deutsche Grammophon, 2014.

Hope, Dukes, Watkins. Forbidden Music Klein, Krása, Schulhoff. Nimbus Records, 2003.

I Have Taken an Oath to Remember: Art Songs of the Holocaust. Transcontinental Music Publications, 2002.

Introduction to Entartete Musik. Decca, 1996.

Jacobson, Joshua R. Hear Our Voices: Songs of the Ghettos and Camps. HaZamir Recordings, 1995.

Kempin, Daniel, and Dimitry Reznik. Krakow Ghetto Notebook. Koch International, 1994.

Klein, Gideon. Gideon Klein: Chamber Music. MD&G Records, 1996.

Klein, Gideon. Oeuvres Instrumentales et Vocales. Arion,1993.

Korcsolan, Orsolya and Emese Mali. KornGOLDmark. Sola Musica, 2014.

Krása, Hans. Brundibár: A Children’s Opera in Two Acts. Arabesque, 1996

Krása, Hans. Brundibár: Children's Opera in two acts. Channel Classics Records, 1993.

Kraus, Edith. Life and Dreams: Czech Piano Music. Koch International, 1993.

Krenek, Ernst. Krenek: Jonny Spielt Auf. Decca, 1993.

Korcsolan, Orsolya and Emese Mal. KornGOLDmark. München: Solo Musica, 2014.

Kulisiewicz, Aleksander. Ballads and Broadsides: Songs from Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp 1940-1945. U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2007.

Kulisiewicz, Aleksander Tytus. Songs from the Depths of Hell. Folkways, 1979.

KZ-Musik: Encyclopedia of Music Composed in Concentration Camps (1933 - 1945). M.A.T. Music Theme Licensing, 2009.

Lallinger, Dieter and Christoph Schickedanz. Sonatas for Violin and Piano. Munich: Telos Music, 2004.

Lazar, Simon. Holocaust: A Requiem for the Fate of the Jews. Gega New, 1996.

Like the Leaden Sky. Beth Hatefutsoth, 2000.

Lotoro, Francesco. KZ Musik. Musikstrasse, 2006.

Lotoro, Francesco, piano. Shoah: Matyred Musicians of the Holocaust. Arion Paris, 1995.

The Music Survives!: Degenerate Music. Decca, 1997.

Music from the Holocaust. Phoenix, 2005.

Orgel, Paul, piano. Music from the Holocaust. Phoenix USA, 2005.

Lishner, Leon. Our Town Is Burning: Cries from the Holocaust. Centaur, 1994.

Penderecki, Krzysztof. Symphony No. 8 / Dies Irae / Aus Den Psalmen Davids. Naxos, 2008.

Rubin, Ruth. Yiddish Songs of the Holocaust. Global Village, 1993.

Ryan, Russel, piano, Holzmair, Wolfgang, baritone. Spiritual Resistance: Music from Theresienstadt. Bridge, 2009.

Schoenberg, Arnold, Günter Reich, and Pierre Boulez. A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46. Sony, 1990.

Schulhoff, Erwin. Concertos Alla Jazz. Decca, 1995.

Senator, Ronald. Holocaust Requiem: Kaddish for Terezin. Delos, 1994.

Shostakovich, Dmitri. Symphony No. 13, Op. 113, "Babi Yar". Russian Disc, 1993.

Stern, Robert. Darkness & Light, Vol. 4. Albany Records, 2002.

Stern-Wolfe, Mimi, artistic dir. Composers of the Holocaust: Ghetto Songs and Instrumental Works. Downtown Music Productions, 2000.

Szabadi, Vilmos. In Memoriam Hungarian Composers, Victims of the Holocaust. Hungaroton Classic, 2008.

Szpilman, Wladyslaw. The Pianist: Music Inspired by the Motion Picture : Wladyslaw Szpilman Original Recordings. Rajon Music Group, 2003.

Terezín: The Music 1941-1944. Romantic Robot, 1991.

Terezín/Theresienstadt. Deutsche Gramophon, 2008.

The Terezin Music Anthology. Koch International, 1991.

Ullmann, Viktor. Symphonien Nos. 1 & 2. Lieder Op. 17. Don Quixote Tanzt Fandango / Viktor Ullmann. Delta Capriccio, 2003.

Vienna Philharmonic. Mauthausen Memorial. BMI, 2000.

Waxman, Franz, and Eric Zeisl. The Song of Terezín. Decca, 1998

Weill, Kurt. The Eternal Road (Highlights). Milken Family Foundation, 2003.

Zagrosek, Lothar, cond. Der Kaiser von Atlantis (oder Die Tod-Verweigerung), op. 49. By Viktor Ullmann. Gewandhausorchester Leipzig. Decca Record Company Limited, London, 1994.


Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum at Oswiecim

BBC Radio Woman’s Hour: Alice Herz Sommer: Surviving the Holocaust Austrian Contact Point for Exiled Music

Forbidden Music

Foundation 'Institute of Concentrationary Musical Literature'

IMSLP (Jewish composer list, including those suppressed during Nazi era)

Leo Smit Foundation

Mes musiques régénérées: Jewish Music (in French and English)

Judaic Studies Resources at Princeton University and Beyond

Music in Holocaust Education

Music of Remembrance

Orel Foundation: Rediscovering Suppressed Musical Treasures of the Twentieth Century

Suppressed Music: JMI International Centre for Suppressed Music

Terezín Chamber Music Foundation

Terezín: Music from a Nazi ghetto

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, especially:

University of South Florida

USC Shoah Foundation Institute

World of ORT: Educating for Life

Yad Vashem, especially:

The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe

Zamir Chorale: Music in the Holocaust–A Select Bibliography


Listed under the section "Teaching Resources–Primary and Secondary Education" (near the bottom of the page).


Last updated: October 5, 2020

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