2000-1550 BCE (the Middle Bronze Age): Before then, the land was primarily occupied by Semitic Amorites from the northeast.
1550-1200 BCE (the Late Bronze Age): The land was also dominated by the Egyptians, the Hittites, and the Hebrews.
1250 BCE: the Israelites entered and occupied Canaan.
1200 BCE: The Cretan Philistines invaded Canaan, establishing 5 city-states on the southern coast.
1020 BCE: Israelís King David conquered the Philistines, making this land ever known as the Land of Israel.
1020-922 BCE: The tribe of Judah settled south of Jerusalem, becoming a powerful force in the region, supported by the leadership of the great kings of Israel: Saul, David, and Solomon. Prophesy suggests that the Messiah would come from this tribe.
930 BCE: The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel (Asher, Dan, Ephraim, Gad, Issachar, Manasseh, Naphtali, Reuben, Simeon, and Zebulun) formed an independent kingdom of Israel in the north, while two other tribes formed the kingdom of Judah in the south (Judah and Benjamin).
860-840 BCE: The prophets Elijah and Elisha denounce Canaanite influences and ptomote Yahweh alone.
850-750 BCE: The E Source is compiled by a northern Israeli storyteller.
721 BCE: The Assyrians (under King Shalmaneser V) conquered the northern kingdoms, assimilating the ten tribes amongst other cultures, and thus disappeared from history. Several cultures lay claim as descendants of the Ten Tribes, including the Nestorians, Mormons, Afghans, Ethiopians, American Indians, and the Japanese.
621-609 BCE: The first edition of the Deuteronomistic History (Joshua through 2 Kings) is written.
587 BCE: The kingdom of Judah thrived until this date, when the Babylonians carried off the Jews into exile.
550-400 BCE: Legal and ritual codes are inserted by the priestly writers (P) into JE narratives, preserved in parts of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers.
538 BCE: The Persians conquered Babylonia.
Their king, Cyrus the Great, allowed the Jews to return to their homeland.