Logical Fallacies
KSU   -   English 1101/55 & 57   -   Mr. Hagin   -   Fall 2002   -   Revised: 27 November 2002
Listed below are links to 40 logical fallacies.  Click on the one you like to access definitions, clarifications, and examples.  You may use any of this information on the logical fallacies test.  The fallacies are classified by their types so you can review similar-sounding terms.  The links are listed in an order that generates cumulative understanding (so you might want to read the links in each category at the top to better understand the links near the bottom).

Remember that logic does not solve every problem in the world, nor does it answer all of your questions.  Logic can, however, allow us to generate logical arguments that will be difficult to defeat.
Logical Fallacies Links
One of the most important aspects of effective persuasion is avoiding being caught in the traps of logical fallacies.  The word “fallacy” comes from Latin, meaning “deceit,” “trick,” or “fraud.”  Although sometimes these types of errors are hard to catch, learning to recognize logical fallacies can help you to be a better writer, listener, student, and voter.  Don’t be fooled by the twisted rhetoric of another.  Likewise, you need to avoid misleading your own audience when you write persuasively.

 Audience (Flattery)
 Bandwagon Appeal
 Scare Tactics
 Loaded Language
 Poisoning the Well
 Stacking the Deck
 Hasty Generalization
 Character Attack
 Name Calling
 False Analogy
 Shifting the Burden of Proof
 Evading the Issue
 Moral Equivalence
 Red Herring
 Loaded Question
 Simple Speech
 Rhetorical Question
 Straw Man
 Circular Reasoning
 Informal Fallacies
 Recognizing Logical Fallacies
 Either/Or (False Dilemma)
 False Authority
 Center for Critical Thinking
 Invincible Ignorance
 Logic in Argumentative Writing
 False Cause
 The Promise Trap
 Non Sequitur
 Only Reason (Oversimplification)
 Slippery Slope
Logical Analysis of Recent Presidential Speeches
   Color Analysis of Speeches on Prosperity, by Gore (9/6/00) and Bush (9/28/00)
   Color Analysis of Speeches on Medicare, by Gore (9/25/00) and Bush (9/5/00)
   Logical Critique of Bush's Speech Promoting Faith-Based Charities (29 January 2001)
   Logical Critique of Bush's Radio Address on Education (27 January 2001)
   Logical Critique of Bush's Speech Promoting His Education Plan (23 January 2001)
   Logical Critique of Bush's Acceptance Speech (3 August 2000)
   Logical Critique of Gore's Acceptance Speech (17 August 2000)